# How to use Mathjax in Hugo

By **
Peter
**

Hugo is the static site generator that this site is built with. This is how to enable Mathjax in Hugo so you can write LaTeX in your pages, as I’ve used e.g. in On the Economics of Streaming: Show me the money

Put this in the page source somewhere. I put it in `layouts/partials/head-additions.html`

, but perhaps that is specific to the ananke theme:

```
<script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=es6"></script>
<script id="MathJax-script" async src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/mathjax@3/es5/tex-mml-chtml.js"></script>
```

Now you can put this on your page and have it rendered like you’d expect:

```
Raw Mathjax block:
$$a_4 \ne b_4$$
```

Keep in mind though that according to the commonmark
spec (which Hugo follows
since it uses goldmark internally), you
need to add two backslashes before punctuation characters such as `(`

and `[`

.
So:

```
This shows as Mathjax \\(a \ne b\\), but this doesn't \(a \ne b\)
Likewise, this shows as Mathjax
\\[a \ne b\\]
but this doesn't:
\[a \ne b\]
```

Of course you can avoid that by using `$$ TeX Source $$`

.

You can stop here.

But I went a step further, because I didn’t like how Mathjax gives you a flash
of unstyled content (FOUC) as described in issue
131. I modified the approach
suggested in that issue. Put this in the page source instead of the two simple
`<script>`

tags above:

```
{{- if or (.HasShortcode "mathjax/block") (.HasShortcode "mathjax/inline") -}}
<style>
.has-mathjax {
visibility: hidden;
}
</style>
<script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=es6"></script>
<script id="MathJax-script" async src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/mathjax@3/es5/tex-mml-chtml.js"></script>
<script>
window.MathJax = {
startup: {
pageReady: () => {
return MathJax.startup.defaultPageReady().then(() => {
for (let element of document.getElementsByClassName("has-mathjax")) {
element.style.visibility = "visible"
}
});
}
}
};
</script>
{{- end -}}
```

Put this in `layouts/shortcodes/mathjax/block.html`

:

```
<div class="has-mathjax">
{{ .Inner }}
</div>
```

And this in `layouts/shortcodes/mathjax/inline.html`

:

```
<span class="has-mathjax">{{ .Inner }}</span>
```

Now you can put this in your page source:

```
Mathjax block:
{{< mathjax/block >}}
\[a \ne 0\]
{{< /mathjax/block >}}
Inline shortcode {{< mathjax/inline >}}\(a \ne 0\){{< /mathjax/inline
>}} with Mathjax.
```

As you can see, using shortcodes also works around the issue of needing to add
two backslashes before punctuation characters such as `(`

and `[`

.

You now have Mathjax in Hugo without FOUC.

This post is also shown in mathjax - How to use markdown syntax to write math in Hugo? - Stack Overflow and Getting rid of the Flash of Unstyled Content? · Issue #131 · mathjax/MathJax